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Article   |    
Psychiatric Assessment and Treatment of American Indians and Alaska Natives
Spero M. Manson; R. Dale Walker; Daniel R. Kivlahan
Psychiatric Services 1987; doi:
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The authors extend special thanks to James H. Shone, M.D., Candace Flem- ing, Ph.D., and Roberta Hall, Ph.D., for their comments and suggestions.

National Center for American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research in the department of psychiatry (C249) at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80262

Alcohol and Drug Dependence Treatment Program at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Seattle

American Psychiatric Association

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It is widely recognized that the cultural uniqueness of American Indians and Alaska Natives must be reflected in the methods of diagnosing and treating their mental health problems, but empirical validation of specific diagnostic instruments and treatment has been slow in coming. The authors' literature review indi- cates that many standardized self-rating scales and interview schedules can accurately assess mental illness among indians, provided they are modified to re- fiect cultural heritage and experiences. Group therapy is increas- ingly chosen as a psychiatric treatment for American Indians, as are family-network therapy and several traditional Indian therapies. The authors also re- view the demographics and psychiatric epidemiology of Amencan Indians and Alaska Natives.

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