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Article   |    
Governmental Spending for Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 1977—1984
David Braddock; Richard Hemp
Psychiatric Services 1986; doi:
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The School of Public Health, The Institute for the Study of Developmental Disabilities, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1640 West Roosevelt Road, Chicago, Illinois 60608

The University of Illinois at Chicago

1986 American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

A study of public spending for mental retardation and developmental disabilities infiscal years 1977 through 1984 reveals that combined state and federal government spending grew by 23 percent despite diminished growth in federal spending after passage of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981. Combined state and federal expenditures for community services grew by 40 percent, primarily because of an unprecedented rise in state spending. Total state and federal spending for institutional services plateaued, as a 26 percent drop in state appropriations was offset by an infusion of federal dollars, mostly through the intermediate Care Facilities for the Mentally Retarded program. Federal, state, and local expenditures in fiscal 1984, estimated to total $16.49 billion, are assessed, and future trends in the financing of institutional and community services in the U.S. are discussed.

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