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Brief Reports   |    
Smoking Cessation Among People Seeking Mental Health Treatment
Yuyan Shi, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300444
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Shi is with the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego (e-mail: yus001@ucsd.edu).

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association


Objective  This study examined smoking cessation characteristics of smokers who reported seeking mental health treatment.

Methods  Data for adult current smokers (N=18,939) were combined from the 2000, 2005, and 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate regressions were used to assess associations between smoking cessation behaviors, cessation-related social norms, and mental health treatment.

Results  Smokers (N=1,897) who reported seeing mental health professionals for mental health problems had higher odds of having made attempts to quit in the past year (odds ratio [OR]=1.17), of having used nicotine replacement therapy (OR=1.28), and of using face-to-face counseling (OR=2.40), telephone quit lines (OR=1.81), and support groups (OR=1.63) to assist smoking cessation. They were more likely to have been advised by health professionals to quit smoking (OR=1.62) but less likely to live in a smoke-free home (OR=.78). Use of smoking cessation treatments and prevalence of smoke-free homes increased over the sampling period.

Conclusions  Findings highlight the need for tailored efforts to reduce tobacco use among people with mental health problems.

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Table 1Results of logistic regressions to determine predictors of smoking cessation among 18,939 current smokersa
Table Footer Note

a Source: pooled data from the National Health Interview Survey of 2000, 2005, and 2010

Table Footer Note

c The logistic regressions controlled for socioeconomic covariates and included a heavy-smoker indicator and survey-year indicators (results for these covariates not shown above). The reference group for the reported OR is current smokers who had not seen a mental health professional for mental health problems in the past year, unless otherwise noted.

Table Footer Note

d 2005 and 2010 sample only

Table Footer Note

e The study sample consisted of current smokers who had seen a mental health professional in the past year. The reference group was current smokers who had seen a health professional for non–mental health problems in the past year.



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