Two literature reviews this month analyze research findings on evidence-based interventions for children and adolescents. The first review looked at behavioral management, which is designed to help a child or adolescent develop or maintain prosocial behaviors, such as demonstrating positive, nonaggressive relationships with others and complying with rules and authority figures. Melissa H. Johnson, M.A., M.P.H., and colleagues rated the level of evidence for behavioral management as high because of the number of well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) across settings, particularly for family-centered interventions and those that integrate family- and school-based approaches. However, more research on the long-term impacts of this intervention is needed (page 580). The second review examined and rated the evidence for Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), a manualized parent-child treatment that uses cognitive-behavioral principles and exposure techniques to prevent and treat posttraumatic stress, depression, and behavioral problems. Michael A. Ramirez de Arellano, Ph.D., and colleagues rated the evidence as high on the basis of ten RCTs. TF-CBT has demonstrated positive outcomes in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, although it is less clear whether it is as effective in lessening behavior problems or symptoms of depression (page 591). The two reviews are part of the SAMHSA-funded Assessing the Evidence Base Series, which provides updates of research on 13 commonly used interventions for people with serious mental illness.