Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Brief Reports   |    
Social Cognition and Interaction Training: Preliminary Results of an RCT in a Community Setting in Israel
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Ph.D.; Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Ph.D.; Moran Avidan, Ph.D.; David L. Roberts, Ph.D.; David Roe, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300146
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Hasson-Ohayon and Dr. Avidan are with the Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel (e-mail: ilanit.hasson-ohayon@biu.ac.il). Dr. Mashiach-Eizenberg is with the Department of Health System Management, Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Israel. Dr. Roberts is with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio. Dr. Roe is with the Department of Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Israel.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association


Objective  Social cognition and interaction training (SCIT) has shown promise in improving consumers’ social cognition and functioning, in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of SCIT among persons with serious mental illness living in community settings in Israel.

Methods  Fifty-five participants in social-mentoring services were assigned randomly to SCIT with social mentoring or to social mentoring only. Emotion recognition, theory of mind, attributional bias, and social functioning were assessed at baseline (February 2010) and about six months later, upon completion of the intervention.

Results  Interactions between time of measurement and group were significant for theory of mind and social engagement. Emotion recognition by the SCIT group improved significantly, but the time × group interaction for this variable was not significant.

Conclusions  This study provides preliminary evidence that SCIT plus social mentoring improves social cognition and functioning among persons with severe mental illness who are living in the community.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

Anchor for Jump
Table 1Repeated-measures analyses of social-cognition variables among participants in Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) and a control group
Table Footer Note

a Effect size for the interaction effect for time × group

Table Footer Note

b Possible scores range from 0 to 15, with higher scores indicating better engagement.

Table Footer Note

c Possible scores range from 0 to 9, with higher scores indicating better interpersonal communication.

Table Footer Note

d Possible scores range from 0 to 19, with higher scores indicating better emotion recognition.

Table Footer Note

e Possible scores range from 0 to 36, with higher scores indicating better theory of mind.

Table Footer Note

f Possible scores range from 5 to 25, with higher scores indicating greater hostility bias.



Ulas  H;  Akdede  BB;  Ozbay  D  et al:  Effect of thought disorders on quality of life in patients with schizophrenia.  Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 32:332–335, 2008
Penn  DL;  Sanna  LJ;  Roberts  DL:  Social cognition in schizophrenia: an overview.  Schizophrenia Bulletin 34:408–411, 2008
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Bellack  AS;  Schooler  NR;  Marder  SR  et al:  Do clozapine and risperidone affect social competence and problem solving? American Journal of Psychiatry 161:364–367, 2004
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Coursey  RD;  Keller  AB;  Farrell  EW:  Individual psychotherapy and persons with serious mental illness: the clients’ perspective.  Schizophrenia Bulletin 21:283–301, 1995
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Roberts  DL;  Penn  DL;  Combs  DR:  Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT): Treatment Manual .  New York,  Oxford University Press, in press
Penn  D;  Roberts  DL;  Munt  ED  et al:  A pilot study of social cognition and interaction training (SCIT) for schizophrenia.  Schizophrenia Research 80:357–359, 2005
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Lahera  G;  Benito  A;  Montes  JM  et al:  Social cognition and interaction training (SCIT) for outpatients with bipolar disorder.  Journal of Affective Disorders 146:132–136, 2013
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Chan  RC;  Gao  XJ;  Li  XY  et al:  The social cognition and interaction training (SCIT): an extension to individuals with schizotypal personality features.  Psychiatry Research 178:208–210, 2010
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Kessler  RC;  Barker  PR;  Colpe  LJ  et al:  Screening for serious mental illness in the general population.  Archives of General Psychiatry 60:184–189, 2003
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Tas  C;  Danaci  AE;  Cubukcuoglu  Z  et al:  Impact of family involvement on social cognition training in clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia—a randomized pilot study.  Psychiatry Research 195:32–38, 2012
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Birchwood  M;  Smith  J;  Cochrane  R  et al:  The Social Functioning Scale: the development and validation of a new scale of social adjustment for use in family intervention programmes with schizophrenic patients.  British Journal of Psychiatry 157:853–859, 1990
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Kerr  SL;  Neale  JM:  Emotion perception in schizophrenia: specific deficit or further evidence of generalized poor performance? Journal of Abnormal Psychology 102:312–318, 1993
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Stone  VE;  Baron-Cohen  S;  Knight  RT:  Frontal lobe contributions to theory of mind.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 10:640–656, 1998
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Shamay-Tsoory  SG;  Tomer  R;  Berger  BD  et al:  Impaired “affective theory of mind” is associated with right ventromedial prefrontal damage.  Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology 18:55–67, 2005
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
Combs  DR;  Penn  DL;  Wicher  M  et al:  The Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ): a new measure for evaluating hostile social-cognitive biases in paranoia.  Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 12:128–143, 2007
[CrossRef] | [PubMed]
References Container

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe

Related Content
DSM-5™ Handbook of Differential Diagnosis > Chapter 2.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 6th Edition > Chapter 9.  >
DSM-5™ Handbook of Differential Diagnosis > Chapter 2.  >
DSM-5™ Handbook of Differential Diagnosis > Chapter 2.  >
DSM-5™ Handbook of Differential Diagnosis > Chapter 2.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
Read more at Psychiatric News >>
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles