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Brief Reports   |    
Social Cognition and Interaction Training: Preliminary Results of an RCT in a Community Setting in Israel
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Ph.D.; Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Ph.D.; Moran Avidan, Ph.D.; David L. Roberts, Ph.D.; David Roe, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300146
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Hasson-Ohayon and Dr. Avidan are with the Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel (e-mail: ilanit.hasson-ohayon@biu.ac.il). Dr. Mashiach-Eizenberg is with the Department of Health System Management, Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Israel. Dr. Roberts is with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio. Dr. Roe is with the Department of Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Israel.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association

Abstract

Objective  Social cognition and interaction training (SCIT) has shown promise in improving consumers’ social cognition and functioning, in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of SCIT among persons with serious mental illness living in community settings in Israel.

Methods  Fifty-five participants in social-mentoring services were assigned randomly to SCIT with social mentoring or to social mentoring only. Emotion recognition, theory of mind, attributional bias, and social functioning were assessed at baseline (February 2010) and about six months later, upon completion of the intervention.

Results  Interactions between time of measurement and group were significant for theory of mind and social engagement. Emotion recognition by the SCIT group improved significantly, but the time × group interaction for this variable was not significant.

Conclusions  This study provides preliminary evidence that SCIT plus social mentoring improves social cognition and functioning among persons with severe mental illness who are living in the community.

Abstract Teaser
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Anchor for Jump
Table 1Repeated-measures analyses of social-cognition variables among participants in Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) and a control group
Table Footer Note

a Effect size for the interaction effect for time × group

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b Possible scores range from 0 to 15, with higher scores indicating better engagement.

Table Footer Note

c Possible scores range from 0 to 9, with higher scores indicating better interpersonal communication.

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d Possible scores range from 0 to 19, with higher scores indicating better emotion recognition.

Table Footer Note

e Possible scores range from 0 to 36, with higher scores indicating better theory of mind.

Table Footer Note

f Possible scores range from 5 to 25, with higher scores indicating greater hostility bias.

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