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Brief Reports   |    
Barriers to and Facilitators of Physical Activity Among Persons With Schizophrenia: A Survey of Physical Therapists
Andrew Soundy, Ph.D.; Brendon Stubbs, M.Sc.; Michel Probst, Ph.D.; Laura Hemmings, B.Sc.; Davy Vancampfort, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2014; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300276
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Dr. Soundy and Ms. Hemmings are with the Department of Physiotherapy, School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom (e-mail: a.a.soundy@bham.ac.uk). Ms. Hemmings is also with the Solihull Mental Health Trust, Birmingham, United Kingdom. Mr. Stubbs is with the School of Health and Social Care, University of Greenwich, London, United Kingdom. Dr. Probst and Dr. Vancampfort are with the University Psychiatric Center, Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Copyright © 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association


Objective  This study examined the experience, perceptions, and knowledge of physical therapists who work within mental health services regarding barriers to and facilitators of physical activity among people with schizophrenia.

Methods  A total of 151 physical therapists, members of the International Organization of Physical Therapists in Mental Health, completed an online survey. Data-driven and concept-driven content analysis was conducted with the responses.

Results  The most frequently cited barriers were patients’ lack of motivation (45% of respondents) and a lack of priority given to physical activity by other health care professionals (28%). The most frequently cited facilitators included the provision of esteem support by health care professionals (28%) and the promotion of enjoyment and autonomy for the patient (25%).

Conclusions  When promoting physical activity among individuals with schizophrenia, health care professionals who work in mental health settings should provide an individual approach, taking into account patient-related and situational factors.

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