Developing policies to restructure disability benefits is an urgent matter, according to the report, in view of recent increases in most OECD countries in the percentage of disability benefit claims based on a mental disorder. Among claimants with multiple comorbid conditions, there appears to have been a shift over time toward taking the mental disorder as the primary reason for the claimant's reduced work capacity. The report notes that two forces appear to have converged: a greater awareness of the prevalence of mental illness and an acceptance of a “capacity-limiting view” of mental illness. Thus the basis of claims may have shifted, but the disability benefits system may not necessarily be facing a different clientele. The challenges for the system are to identify claimants with mental disorders and then take the right steps in terms of work capacity assessment, needs assessments, and supports. Policies should focus on keeping people in the labor force and preventing them from moving into lifetime disability benefits. Supported employment approaches, which are effective for people with severe mental disorders, have considerable potential for helping people with common mental disorders back into employment, the report notes.