Two articles in this month's issue focus on childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first reports a case-control study by Betsy Busch, M.D., and her colleagues, which found no grounds for the conventional wisdom among pediatricians and others that children with ADHD who are treated in primary care settings have fewer comorbid psychiatric disorders and milder functional impairments. The authors conducted comprehensive assessments of 280 children with ADHD, half from a psychiatric clinic and half from pediatric practices. The ADHD symptom profiles of the two groups were nearly identical, and co-occurring psychiatric disorders were equally prevalent. Measures of cognitive, interpersonal, and academic functioning also were very similar. The authors concluded that the conventional wisdom may result from underdiagnosis of behavioral disorders in primary care settings and that physicians who treat children with ADHD should have a higher level of suspicion for the presence of these disorders (see page 1103). In the second study, Regina Bussing, M.D., M.S.H.S., and her colleagues explored nontraditional treatments for ADHD and factors associated with their use. Parents of 822 children who had or were suspected of having ADHD or whose behavior raised parental concerns were asked about the use of five nontraditional treatments: chiropractic, massage therapy, homeopathic therapy, acupuncture, and faith healing. Five percent of the children had received at least one of these treatments. Faith healing was the most frequently reported, followed by homeopathy. Children who had or were suspected of having ADHD and those whose parents used the Internet as a source of information were more likely to have received such treatments. The authors advise treatment professionals to ask parents about nontraditional interventions and to educate them about evidence-based approaches and the limitations of the Internet as an information source (see page 1096).