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Brief Reports   |    
Case Managers’ Perceptions of Consumer Work Readiness and Association With Pursuit of Employment
Rick Goscha, Ph.D.; David C. Kondrat, Ph.D.; Trevor J. Manthey, Ph.D.
Psychiatric Services 2013; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201200537
View Author and Article Information

Dr. Goscha and Dr. Manthey are with the School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas, Lawrence. Dr. Kondrat is with the School of Social Work, University of South Florida, Tampa. Send correspondence to Dr. Manthey, School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas, 1315 Wakarusa, Lawrence, KS 66044-3184 (e-mail: trevormanthey@gmail.com).

Copyright © 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association

Abstract

Objective  The purpose of this study was to determine whether case managers’ perceptions of consumers’ work readiness—in the areas of the individual consumer’s hygiene, social skills, medication adherence, psychiatric symptoms, and substance use—influence pursuit of employment.

Methods  A cross-sectional survey study design was used to assess the role of staff perceptions in consumers’ pursuit of employment. A hierarchical generalized linear model with a logit link function was used to analyze data from 1,556 consumers nested within data for 113 case manager caseloads.

Results  Case managers’ perception of work readiness was significantly associated with pursuit of employment.

Conclusions  The clients of case managers with less stringent criteria for pursuing employment were more likely to take positive steps toward employment.

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Table 1Fixed-effects estimates and variance-covariance estimates for models predicting consumers’ pursuit of employmenta
Table Footer Note

a The intraclass correlation coefficient for the intercept-only model was .167. The mean±SD variance component for effects between case managers was .46±.68 (p<.05).

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