Among patients with QT prolongation, the mean age was similar to that for all VHA patients (about 61 years). However, rates of severe mental illness were higher (28% versus 12% for all VHA patients). Risk factors for QT prolongation included gender (35 females versus 16 males per 100,000) and African-American race (31 per 100,000 versus 20 for all patients). QT prolongation among patients with severe mental illness was nearly triple that among patients without severe mental illness (40 per 100,000 versus 14), and it was elevated for specific illnesses (Figure 1). Citalopram was prescribed to 8% of the study sample, more commonly for patients with PTSD (16%) or major depression (21%). Receipt of any drug associated with QT prolongation varied by illness: without severe mental illness, 14%; schizophrenia, 20%; PTSD, 24%; and major depression, 28%.