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Brief Reports   |    
Characteristics of Participants in Jail Diversion and Prison Reentry Programs: Implications for Forensic ACT
Gary S. Cuddeback, Ph.D.; Diane Wright, M.S.W.; Nikki G. Bisig, M.Ed.
Psychiatric Services 2013; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201200333
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Dr. Cuddeback is affiliated with the School of Social Work and the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 325 Pittsboro St., CB#3550, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (e-mail: gcuddeba@email.unc.edu). Ms. Wright and Ms. Bisig are with Greater Cincinnati Behavioral Health Services, Cincinnati, Ohio. Some of the findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., October 29 to November 2, 2011, and the annual conference of the Assertive Community Treatment Association, La Jolla, California, May 12–14, 2011.

Copyright © 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association


Objective  More research is needed about forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) and challenges that offenders with severe mental illness present to jail diversion and prison reentry teams. Jail diversion and prison reentry populations may require different interventions and strategies to engage and serve them.

Methods  This study used data from a mental health agency in a large urban area in Ohio to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of 212 consumers served by jail diversion FACT teams and 192 consumers served by prison reentry FACT teams.

Results  Findings suggest that jail diversion and prison reentry consumers have different demographic and clinical profiles, which may present unique challenges to FACT teams.

Conclusions  Population- and gender-specific strategies and interventions could be warranted to better serve FACT consumers. This study furthers the literature about the needs of justice-involved consumers and offers important information for providers of FACT for jail diversion and prison reentry.

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Table 1Characteristics of consumers served by jail diversion and prison reentry forensic assertive community treatment teams
Table Footer Note

a A t test for unequal variances was conducted.

Table Footer Note

b SSI, Supplemental Security Income; SSDI, Social Security Disability Insurance



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