Two Kaiser issue briefs on Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waivers: For many years, Section 1115 Medicaid waivers have been used by states to test coverage approaches not allowed under Medicaid rules. Since the passage of health reform, several states have obtained waivers to expand coverage to low-income adults in preparation for expansions under reform, whereas other states have expressed interest in waivers to address budget shortfalls by reducing Medicaid costs. Two new briefs from the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured focus on waivers. The first, an eight-page brief titled Five Key Questions and Answers About Section 1115 Medicaid Demonstration Waivers, provides an overview of what waivers are, how they are approved and financed, and how they are affected by health reform (www.kff.org/medicaid/upload/8196.pdf). A 12-page brief, California's “Bridge to Reform” Medicaid Demonstration Waiver, describes the waiver approved last year that will make up to approximately $8 billion in federal Medicaid matching funds available to California over five years to expand coverage to low-income uninsured adults and preserve and improve the county-based safety net (www.kff.org/medicaid/8197.cfm).