The first three contributions present recent empirical outcome data on state-of-the art programs that have sought to improve the lives of homeless persons with mental health problems. There is both good news and bad news, but the highest hopes seem to have been disappointed. In the first article, my colleagues Jack Tsai, Ph.D., and Alvin S. Mares, Ph.D., and I (3) present data from a federally funded, interagency collaboration to serve chronically homeless adults in 11 communities. The program achieved striking gains in reducing homelessness and improving housing stability but far more limited benefits in clinical domains, quality of life, and community participation. In the second article, Baumgartner and Herman (4) report on an experimental replication of the successful critical time intervention model with formerly homeless adults after discharge from inpatient psychiatric care. Participants experienced gains in housing and reduced hospitalization, but these outcomes were not associated with gains in social integration, which remained low. In the third study, Yanos and colleagues (5) compared the community integration of formerly homeless clients living in the Bronx in “housing first” supported housing provided by Pathways to Housing with that of other residents of the same neighborhoods. The clients in supported housing had lower community integration scores. However, length of time in the current residence was associated with better integration, which raises hope for improved social integration with greater community tenure.