Racial-ethnic differences in referral source, diagnosis, and length of stay in substance abuse treatment were examined.
Data from 495 African Americans, 492 Hispanics, and 497 non-Hispanic whites were analyzed.
Hispanics were less likely than whites to be referred by crisis services; African Americans were more likely than other groups to be referred from criminal justice settings. At admission Hispanics and African Americans were more likely to have a drug use disorder, and whites were more likely to have an alcohol use disorder. Both African Americans and Hispanics were more likely than whites to have a cluster B personality disorder diagnosis at discharge. African Americans had longer stays than other groups.
The findings could be used to design interventions to reduce disparities in inpatient substance abuse treatment. (Psychiatric Services 63:612–615, 2012; doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201100322)