Children of incarcerated parents are at risk of poor school performance and substance use and mental health problems, and many are exposed to parental substance abuse, extreme poverty, and domestic violence. Children of Incarcerated Parents: An Action Plan for Federal Policymakers, which was developed with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and Open Society Institute, is designed to raise awareness of these children's needs and inform policies and practices to address them. The Justice Center created an advisory board composed of a broad array of criminal justice and child welfare experts. The board and focus group participants identified eight key topics that are addressed in separate chapters. The bulk of each chapter highlights policies, legislation, and promising practices that have already been developed by states and local communities.