Created in 1997, SCHIP is a joint federal and state program that in 2008 provided coverage to 7.4 million uninsured children. SCHIP targets children who live in families with incomes that are about 200% of the federal poverty level, or $42,000 for a family of four in 2008. This level of income is too high in most states to qualify for Medicaid (133% of the poverty level for children under six and 100% for children six to 18) but, for most families, is too low to afford private coverage. Under the new law, states can enroll children in families with incomes up to three times the poverty level, which will help expand coverage to 11 million children by 2013. In addition, the legislation includes parity for dental coverage; eliminates a five-year waiting period for legal, documented immigrant children; and creates a new option for states to enroll low-income pregnant women in SCHIP.